Many schools all over the world use the ISTE standards to guide and support their educational programs. There are two ways to examine the standards for students. The first organizes the standards into 6 domains: Creativity and Innovation, Communication and Collaboration, Research and Information Fluency, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making, Digital Citizenship, & Technology Operations and Concepts. You can find them here.
Another way to look at the student standards is via the profiles. These can be helpful if you get stuck trying to make a list of what students should know.
You can find this document here.